The Rock Art of the Mediterranean Arc of the Iberian Peninsula extends from Andalucía to Cataluña, but the most significant representations remain in the Region of Valencia.

The interior of the Region of Valencia treasures more than 300 cave paintings. In mountains, ravines and hard-to-reach corners, you can find impressive representations of scenes of hunting, grazing, or collecting honey.

The figures are simple silhouettes, contoured and filled with pigment. The colours are mostly red and black and sometimes white and yellow. The artists used bird feathers and plant elements to create delicate and elegant strokes. Rock Art is naturalistic and narrative. These scenes are the first narratives of European Prehistory and provide very relevant information on hunting, in groups or individually; trapping and tracking of injured animals. Moreover, they give valuable knowledge of the collection and the first evidence of fighting and executions. The images of everyday life provide data on clothes and personal ornaments that mark social differences since Prehistory.

In the town of Tírig in Castellón, there is a museum dedicated to these artistic representations from 4000 to 7000 years ago. In the interior of the province of València, there are at least 16 other shelters of singular importance. The Cave of the Spider, in Bicorp, is the most relevant.

Travelling through the Region of Valencia allows you to know the Paleolithic and cave paintings that enrich our historical and cultural legacy. We invite you to appreciate the oldest artistic manifestation that UNESCO declared a World Heritage Site in 1998.

Be inspired

The caves were places of recollection and mysticism for the ancient man. They became dwellings, sanctuaries, and ritual settings with shamans in Prehistory. Possessors of an ancestral knowledge that keeps beating from its walls thousands of years later. One of the caves with more history of the Region of Valéncia is the Cueva de las Calaveras in Benidoleig, province of Alicante. A must visit to learn our past better.
The first artistic manifestation of humanity has one of its best exponents in Levantine lands. In particular, the province of Castellón houses a set of caves and walls with cave paintings that go back a whopping 7,000 years before Christ. Places as fascinating as the Valltorta are part of the so-called Levantine Rock Art catalogued as nothing less than World Heritage by UNESCO.
Inland areas in the Province of Alicante hold an invaluable wealth. In 1963, in the town of Villena in Alicante, a set of gold artefacts from the Bronze Age were found. Currently, they are considered one of the most critical findings in Europe, second only to that of the Royal Tombs of Mycenae in Greece.
Did you know that the Comunitat Valenciana has authentic World Heritage Sites? Here we compile seven artistic, cultural, and traditional Valencian representations that are in the prestigious UNESCO list.